High Mountain

general information
history of KHMS
climatic conditions
strategy of development
objectives and fields of research
research data
Weather at Shadzhatmaz

last update of the site: 17.09.14

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Kislovodsk high-mountain station ( Russian Federation) was established in 1978-09-01 and now is Regional fixed station in WMO RA VI - Europe, full operation
station: Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW WMO)

Kislovodsk high-mountain station in World Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation Data Centre (WOUDC) (Station № 282)

The Kislovodsk high-mountain scientific station (KHMS) of the Oboukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences is located 48 km to the north of Elbrus (5642 m) in alpine grasslands of the Shatzhatmaz plateau at the northern gentle slope of the Main Caucasian Ridge extended in the latitudinal direction. In the vicinity of the KHMS, there are no significant sources of pollutants. The nearest town Kislovodsk (43.9°N. 42.7°E, 890 m a.s.l) is the resort town with moderately polluted air located 18 km to the north of KHMS and 1200 m below. At high-altitude stations located above the planetary boundary layer (PBL), anthropogenic factors manifest themselves only slightly. Therefore, such stations give information relating mainly to the state of the regional and global troposphere.
KHMS is located on an extensive plateau at the northern gentle slope of the ridge. In the region of the KHMS, the westward and eastward air transport is prevailing in winter and summer, respectively. Southerly winds are here most frequent in the course of year. The valley (from N) wind (in framework of local uphill–downhill atmospheric circulation) is less regular and is characterized by a rather low speed.
The simultaneous monitoring of some air species at the town Kislovodsk (point of measurements) and at the KHMS allow to assess the effect of urban pollutants on the situation at the KHMS and to discriminate the regional component in the measured parameters. The results of researches (1999-2001) testify that the KHMS is only slightly influenced by the pollutants accumulated within the atmospheric boundary layer and contains information relating primarily to the regional and global state of the troposphere.

ИФА им А.М. Обухова РАН © 2009-2014